Growing population, increase in income, urbanization, and changing consumption patterns for better quality food are putting additional pressure on existing natural resources such as land and water. The world population is expected to grow to 10 billion by 2050 with 3.4 billion more people to feed. It is time for agriculture to step up production, increase yields, adapt to climate, and change habits to less food wastage.
Basic financial services are beyond the reach of majority of population across the developing countries. They don’t have access to safe and secure ways to access, build or transfer money. Lack of infrastructure, limited capacity to expand by the existing financial institute, low financial literacy has left the rural communities unserved.
Women are key contributors to the rural economies, they not only help in farming, earn daily wages but also engage in many businesses. As homemakers, women are integral part of the family well-being from taking care of food and nutrition to child and elderly care. Despite the progress made so far, women still face the challenge of limited access to training, education, wage-gaps, under representation at leadership level to limited say in decision making.
The impact of climate change is already being felt across the globe from rising temperature, erratic rainfall, droughts etc. Over the years, the excessive use of land, water, pollution is increasingly impacting the existing habitats and biodiversity. Smallholder farmers are confronted with low yields in production, livestock deaths, a decline of populations in fish thus impacting the source of income and nutrition to the majority of the population.